4 Common Eye Problems You Need to Know

Did you know that over 93 million people in the US are at high risk for vision loss? In many cases, eye problems are manageable with medication or even a small procedure.

For you to be able to recognize any signs that there may be an issue with your own eyes, it’s vital to learn about common eye problems. Are you concerned about your eye health?

Keep reading to find out all about the different eye conditions.

1. Cataract

A cataract occurs when the eye’s lens becomes cloudy or opaque, blocking vision and causing blurry, dull, and dim sensations. The common causes of cataracts are sun exposure, genetics, certain eye diseases, and certain medications.

Symptoms of cataracts include double vision, frequent changes to one’s eyeglass prescription, fogginess, and muted colors. Other symptoms are glare and halos surrounding lights.

So, are cataracts preventable? Fortunately, they are. Through regular eye exams, early detection, and an appropriate course of prevention, patients can avoid the development of cataracts.

If left untreated, cataracts can cause permanent damage and vision loss. It is important to wear sunglasses and a hat when out in the sun, to reduce the risk of developing cataracts. You should also eat a healthy and well-balanced diet. Also, you should avoid smoking and get regular eye examinations.

2. Myopia

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a common eye problem in which objects that are far away appear blurry, while closer objects are in focus. It is caused by the eye’s inability to focus and bend light onto the retina. 

Myopia is often hereditary, so if one or both of your parents suffer from this condition, you may also experience it. Glasses or contact lenses are mostly prescribed to correct the problem since corrective surgery, such as LASIK, can be very costly. 

Treatment for myopia also depends on age. Children may opt for glasses or contact lenses. Adults may choose to improve vision with refractive lens exchange surgery. It’s important to recognize the signs early and contact an optometrist early on.

3. Hyperopia

Hyperopia, commonly referred to as “far-sightedness,” is an eye condition in which nearby objects appear blurry, and only distant objects can be seen with clarity. People with hyperopia can experience eye strain, headaches, trouble concentrating, and in rare cases, a squinting of the eyes.

The condition is caused when the eyeball is too short, or the eye’s curvature is too flat. Your eye doctor will most likely perform tests to evaluate the degree of nearsightedness and recommend glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery to help restore vision.

4. Astigmatism

It occurs when the curvature of the cornea of the eye is irregular, causing blurred or distorted vision due to light being at different focal points. It can appear as nearsightedness or farsightedness. Common symptoms of astigmatism include headaches, eyestrain, and trouble seeing clearly at all distances.

Treatment for astigmatism usually involves corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses. For severe cases, laser surgery may be required. 

Taking good care of your eyes is also key when managing astigmatism, as it can worsen with age. Wearing sunglasses and a hat and avoiding straining the eyes are some good tips.

Avoid These Common Eye Problems

Common eye problems can be hard to detect, but it’s important to be aware of the common signs and seek professional care. Proper eye care is not only crucial for clear vision, but it can also help protect your overall health.

If you notice any changes to your vision, contact an eye doctor immediately!

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