Some childhood ailments still appear despite the current introduction of new vaccines. This is due to children’s immune systems still improving, and they are subjected to many germs in their surroundings, such as playgrounds and day-care centres making them more susceptible to the illness.
Common illnesses in children include colds and other respiratory infections. Furthermore, common childhood ailments such as sore throats and ear infections are commonly contracted by children. Consult children hospitals in Hyderabad if your child has any illnesses.
Some of the most common paediatric diseases and treatments are listed below. To promote good health, parents should be aware of the symptoms of common childhood diseases and how to treat them before they worsen.
1. Skin Infections
Skin infection are common in children and can affect any body part. Paediatric dermatologists will examine the skin illness and may request a skin biopsy or skin culture to determine the exact cause. The following skin infections are common in paediatric populations:
Bacteria cause infections of the skin’s surface and underlying tissues, such as cellulitis, impetigo, and paronychia (infection around the nails). Infections of the skin caused by fungi are known as paronychia and tinea (dermatophyte infection of the skin, nails, and scalp). Tinea infections, such as athlete’s foot and ringworm, are common in children (which cause circular rashes on any part of the body).
Treatments: Depending on the cause of the skin infection, various treatments may be available. Topical or oral antifungals and antibiotics are recommended depending on the severity of the illness.
Most children respond well to the therapy, and the skin lesions may disappear in days or weeks. You can consult the best paediatricians in Hyderabad and tell them if your children or other family members have ever been sick with MRSA, staph, or other resistant bacteria.
2. Bacterial Sinusitis
The bacteria trapped inside the sinuses can trigger sinusitis or inflammation of the sinus lining. Furthermore, viral sinusitis caused by cold and allergic sinusitis caused by hay fever can affect children.
The following are the common symptoms of bacterial sinusitis in children:
Cold-like symptoms, such as coughing and nasal discharge during the day, last more than ten days. Thick yellow nasal discharge, irritability, and a three-day or more extended consecutive fever. Severe headaches, eye edema, and light sensitivity.
Antibiotics should be taken by children with bacterial sinusitis for at least 10 days. After that, consult a top paediatrician in Hyderabad to treat your child’s ailments.
3. Common Cold
Several viruses cause the common cold, an upper respiratory tract infection. It is one of the most prevalent paediatric diseases. Although many viruses can cause chills in children, rhinoviruses are the most common culprits. These viruses can be scattered directly from the respiratory droplets of an infected person coughing by contacting contaminated regions or an infected person.
Most children get six to eight colds per year, with younger children attending day-cares or childcare facilities being more susceptible. The occurrence may decrease after the age of six. The following are typical cold symptoms:
- A stuffy nose and congested nose
Some children may experience green mucus from their noses during viral colds for a few days. Cold symptoms, on the other hand, can improve within ten days.
Treatments: During colds, doctors may recommend using humidifiers and asking the child to drink plenty of water and rest. Some children may be treated for symptoms. Antibiotics are only prescribed when bacterial sinusitis is suspected in conjunction with a common cold.
4. Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections, or UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections), occur when bacteria develop in the urinary tract. A UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) can occur in children at any age, from infancy to adolescence and maturity (Urinary Tract Infection). UTI symptoms include urinating pain or burning, the desire to urinate frequently, accidents involving toilet-trained children, bedwetting, and side or back pain.
Treatments: Your child’s doctor will need a urine sample to check for a UTI before deciding on a course of therapy. Your doctor may change the choice of treatment based on the bacteria in your child’s urine.
Influenza is a virus that spreads quickly through coughing and sneezing. In young children, typical symptoms include fever, chills, sore throat, tiredness, body aches, and lethargy.
Most cases are treatable at home with medication, water, and relaxation. Consult a children hospitals in Hyderabad near you if your child has influenza.
The common causes of cough in children are viral respiratory illnesses, chemical gas, or vapor exposure, including cigarette smoke and incorrect meal swallowing.
These are some cough remedies for children:
Antibiotics are used to treat coughs caused by bacterial infections. However, doctors may recommend using humidifiers or cool mist vapours instead of antibiotics for viral coughs.
You could also try natural cough remedies such as honey. Honey, on the other hand, should not be given to infants under one year old because it can cause baby botulism, a rare childhood disease. Cough syrups and medications should be used instead by children aged four to six.
How To Avoid Common Childhood Illnesses
Many childhood illnesses can be avoided with the recommended vaccinations. For children above 6 months, you should also consider getting an annual flu shot. This may reduce the frequency, severity, and complications associated with influenza.
The following home health recommendations may also protect children from common childhood illnesses:
Keep your hands clean at all times: Certain viral and bacterial infections can be avoided by washing hands or sterilizing with an alcohol-based sanitizer before touching the face or eyes, eating, using the restroom, and returning from outside.
Maintain hygiene in high-contact areas: Use sanitizers to clean surfaces, doorknobs, and toys in high-contact areas.
Keep children away from sick family members and avoid sharing utensils or personal objects when they have the flu or a cold. To keep their ears dry, children prone to swimmer’s ear should wear bathing caps or earplugs.
The Bottom Line
Many childhood illnesses can be avoided with the recommended vaccinations. You should also consider getting an annual flu shot for children over six months from the best children hospitals in Hyderabad.
Even though many common childhood illnesses can be treated without medications, it is best to consult a paediatrician for a precise diagnosis and treatment plan. Mild bacterial or viral infections can sometimes progress to more severe conditions. As a result, if the symptoms worsen or you notice any new symptoms or consequences, you should consult a paediatrician. You should also notify your doctor if your condition does not improve despite treatment.