Critical Things to Know About Urinalysis

Previously, healthcare facilities were accused of giving treatments based on the symptoms. These instances led to misdiagnosis since some of the diseases have similar characteristics. To solve this problem, the doctors started testing the patients before administering a treatment. One of the most used tests is urinalysis since it detects many diseases. For instance, over the years, there has been an increase in the number of patients using Sugar Land urinalysis. The following is crucial information you could be missing regarding urinalysis.

How you should prepare for the test

Even though the preparation of urinalysis is less, these are the critical things you should consider before delivering the sample.


For optimal results, the urine should be collected in the early morning since the concentration is the highest at this time. You should try to hold your urine until the scheduled collection time. In case it is a 24- hour urine collection, you should pick the 24 hours that you are sure will be at home to reduce the risk of missing a collection.


The test is often done at the healthcare clinic, lab, office, or an admission hospital. However, in exceptional cases, an individual may be given a sterile plastic cup with a lid to collect the sample at home and take it to the lab within an hour. If you have a 24-hour collection, you should inquire when the samples should be dropped off.

Food and Drinks

Mostly, there is no fasting required before the collection of the sample. The specialists usually advise the patients to drink beforehand since the test will be easier with a full bladder. However, some tests, such as fasting plasma glucose and cholesterol tests, require fasting. You should ask the specialist if there are any dietary restrictions for the test.

Conditions tested through urinalysis.

The following are the most common conditions that could be checked through urinary testing.

  • Dehydration
  • Kidney stones
  • Urinary tract Infection (UTI)
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Sexually transmitted diseases and Infections

Types of examination

The lab technician can use visual, chemical, or microscopic examination

Visual Examination

During the visual examination, the lab technician classifies the color and the clarity of the urine. The technician mostly uses the color of the urine to determine the clarity based on these features.

  • Dark yellow urine signals that an individual could be suffering from dehydration.
  • Brown or greenish-brown color shows you could have hepatitis and other liver conditions.
  • Pink or Red urine shows that an individual could be bleeding or have eaten beets.
  • The bright yellow urine shows that you could have taken multivitamin supplements.

Chemical Examination

The chemical exam applies commercially prepared test strips and reactive agents. The commonly done reagent tests are:

  • Leukocytes to show an infection
  • Erythrocytes to  show a sign of bleeding
  • pH to measure the acidity of the urine
  • Nitrites to measure the bacterial infection
  • Glucose to measure diabetes

Microscopic Examination

It is done by placing the urine sample and using a rapid speed to sediment all the contents at the bottom of the tube. The process may help to find the following:

  • Bacteria, fungi, or parasites.
  • WBCs or WBCs
  • Crystals such as calcium and uric acid
  • Epithelial cells

Have you been suffering from a condition you suspect requires urinalysis but do not know which facility to visit? You should look no further because St. Michael’s Elite Hospital is here to serve you. Its specialist listens to your case and offers you the best treatment. Visit the facility today and have a customized test that will leave you smiling.

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