Fixed Asset Turnover: Definition, Formula, Interpretation, and Relevance

Fixed asset turnover is a measure that measures the effectiveness with which an organization can make sales by using the fixed asset it has. There’s no perfect ratio that’s widely used as a benchmark across all sectors. Instead, investors should evaluate the fixed asset turnover ratio with the other companies operating in the same field. If a business has a greater fixed asset turnover rate than its peers, this indicates that it utilizes its fixed assets to create more sales than its rivals.

Fixed Asset Turnover Definition

The fixed asset turnover is the ratio of net sales divided by the average of fixed assets. This ratio is the efficiency ratio utilized by analysts to measure the effectiveness of resources in the company. It is a measure of the efficiency of the firm’s fixed assets to generate income. This, in turn, shows how effectively the administration has managed to utilize its fixed assets to generate increasing revenues.

Each company has its share in fixed assets. Manufacturing firms typically employ this proportion since every manufacturing company has significant investments in fixed assets, such as the manufacturing machinery and buildings that produce the products.

It offers valuable information to creditors, lenders, investors, and managers if the business uses its fixed assets efficiently. With time it has increased the performance in its use of fixed assets during the time or not. The increase in efficiency suggests that fixed assets aren’t in storage and are utilized to the maximum extent.

Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula

The equation used to determine the ratio isn’t tricky to understand. The basic idea is to divide the net sales by the value of the property plant and equipment net of the depreciation accumulated.

The fixed asset turnover formula

 reads like this:

Fixed Asset Turnover = Net Sales Fixed Assets /Accumulated Depreciation.

Analysing Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio

An indication that assets are being used efficiently can be seen in a high turnover. In essence, a significant amount of sales is made using a smaller quantity of resources. It could also indicate that the company has decided to sell off its equipment and has begun contracting out its business. Contracting out would ensure the same number of sales while reducing the capital expenditure on equipment.

If the equipment is utilized to its fullest capacity, it will result in an extremelylow turnover. It could be due to since no one purchases items. They may also have overestimated the demand for the product and invested too heavily into the equipment to make the items.

One of the most important reasons is the acceleration of depreciation. Net PPL is calculated by subtracting depreciation from gross PPL. So the value of the equipment’s book will be lower if the company uses an acceleration method for depreciation, like doubly declining depreciation. This may make the performance appear better than it is.

Furthermore, the number will increase each year when a business doesn’t invest in new equipment. This is because the denominator will be decreased or increased by the accumulation of depreciation balance.

The ratio will be identical to their sales over a period when its PPL has been totally depreciated. If you’re a creditor or investor, you have taken note of this.

The Relevance and Use of TheFixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula

  • Fixed asset turnover is crucial from the perspective of both a creditor and an investor who can evaluate the efficiency of a company is using its machines and equipment to create sales. This notion is crucial for investors since it is a way to calculate the estimated value of their investments on fixed assets.
  • However, the creditors utilize the ratio to determine if the company can generate enough cash flow from newly acquired equipment to repay the loan utilized to buy it. This type of ratio is usually helpful in manufacturing, in which firms have significant and costly equipment purchases.
  • But, the upper management of any firm rarely employs this ratio since they are privy to insider information regarding the sales figures or equipment purchases and other information that is not accessible to outsiders. The management prefers to determine the ROI of their purchases using more specific information.
  • If the business has excessively invested in its assets, its operating capital is excessive. If the company has not had enough capital invested in its assets, the business could end up suffering sales loss, which would reduce its profit margins and free cash flow and, ultimately, its stock price. This is why it is crucial for management to establish the proper amount of investment for all their assets.
  • It is possible to do this by looking at your ratio against other businesses within the same field and then analysing the amount that other companies invest in the same assets. Furthermore, the company could track their amount into each investment each year and then draw a pattern to see the trend year on year.