Introduction to Lattice FPGA and its components

Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) are a type of semiconductor device that can be programmed after manufacturing to perform specific tasks. Lattice FPGA is one of the leading brands in the FPGA market. In this article, we will explore what Lattice FPGA is, its components, and its applications.

What is Lattice FPGA?

The Lattice Semiconductor Corporation designs and manufactures the Lattice FPGA type of FPGA. The business is headquartered in Oregon, USA, and was established in 1983. Lattice FPGA is renowned for its great performance, small size, and low power consumption. Numerous industries, including the automotive, industrial, consumer, and communication sectors, use it extensively.

Lattice FPGA Components:

Lattice FPGA has several components that are used to build its architecture. Let’s explore some of the major electronic components:

 1 Programmable Logic Cells:

          The programmable logic cells are the building blocks of the Lattice FPGA. They are used to implement the logical functions and arithmetic operations required for digital circuits.

2 Programmable Routing: 

        This technique links the programmable logic cells together to produce the desired logic circuit. Switches, multiplexers, and buffers are some of the resources used for routing.

3 Input/Output Blocks:

The Input/Output blocks are used to interface with external devices. They include buffers, transceivers, and voltage regulators.

4 Memory Blocks:

       The Lattice FPGA uses memory blocks to store data. They comprise both Read-Only Memory (ROM) and Random Access Memory (RAM) blocks.

5 Clock Management: 

             The Lattice FPGA’s clock management resources are utilized to produce and distribute clock signals to its many parts. 

Applications of Lattice FPGA:

  • Automotive:

Lattice FPGA is used in automotive applications such as advanced driver assistance systems, infotainment systems, and engine control units.

  • Industrial:

Robotics, factory automation, and process control systems are a few examples of industrial applications that use lattice FPGA.

  • Consumer:

Lattice FPGA is used in consumer applications such as smart home devices, wearables, and gaming consoles.

  • Communication:

Lattice FPGA is used in communication devices like switches, routers, and wireless base stations.


Lattice Semiconductor FPGA is a powerful device that has a wide range of applications in various fields. Its components such as programmable logic cells, routing, input/output blocks, memory blocks, and clock management resources make it a versatile device for digital circuit design. Lattice FPGA is a popular option for many designers and engineers due to its low power consumption, small size, and great performance.