Civil engineering is one of the professional engineering degrees. It deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of naturally and artificially built environment. It includes public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, pipelines, structural components of buildings and railways. Civil engineering takes place both in the private and public sector. Its history is linked to the knowledge of structures, material science, geography, geology, soil, hydrology, environment mechanics and other fields.
Basically, there are 6 types of Civil Engineering. They are:
- Structural engineering
- Geotechnical engineering
- Water Resources Engineering
- Constructional engineering
- Transportation engineering
- Environmental engineering
- Urban engineering
- Materials engineering
- Coastal engineering
- Geoinformatics engineering
- Engineering Geosciences.
It is a very stable field of engineering and is very lucrative. In today’s world of the demolition of the old and dilapidated and reconstruction of modern and new age infrastructure and buildings, civil engineers are always in great demand and hence its study. In India, increasing globalization of engineering practice and massive growth of multi-national construction companies have manifolded the need of qualified civil engineers.
Civil engineers create improvise and protect the environment. They plan, design, oversee and maintain building structures and infrastructures roads, railways, airports, bridges, harbors, dams, irrigation projects, power plants etc.
It is a 4 years course. In the first year, students learn fluid mechanics, geotechnics, energy and infrastructure, environmental engineering, professional engineering practice and so on. In the 2nd year, students learn structural mechanics, engineering geology. They are able to design projects. 3rd year is all about core subjects and 4th year sees students through various projects with numerous optional modules.
There are many civil engineering colleges in India. Some of them are:
- VIT University, Vellore
- SRM University, Chennai
- Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
- Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore
- Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Delhi, Mumbai, and Kharagpur.
In the 10+2 standard Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics are mandatory for admission to Civil Engineering Entrance Exam. Most of the Institute accept the score of JEE Mains. The IITs require a clearance of JEE Advanced. One has to qualify BITSAT for entrance to BITS, Pilani, SRMJEEE for SRM University and COMEDM for all engineering colleges of Karnataka. Corse fee may vary between INR 2 to 6 Lakhs while the average starting salary is INR 3 to 5 Lakhs per annum.
Companies recruit students of reputable institutes at a very good package as they are given first-hand experiences and innovative projects in these institutions along with long grooming hours.
List of some Civil Engineering colleges in Pune are:
- College of Engineering affiliated to Savitribai Phule Pune University.
- Dhole Patil College of Engineering near EON IT Park, Pune.
- Bharati Vidya Peeth’s Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Technology.
- Genba Sopanrao Moze College of Engineering balewadi.
- College of Civil Engineering, Pune.
- PVG’s COET, Pune.
- ISPM’s Jayawantrao Sawant College of Engineering, Pune.
- Sinhgad Institute of Technology and Science. It is a reputed AICTE affiliated college.
- Viswakarma Institute of Technology.
- Civil Engineering Department COEP, Pune.