A Quick Guide on Advanced Cardiac Interventions

Cardiac Treatments are becoming more and more advanced these days. Heart problems such as heart attacks, heart failures, and strokes are becoming very common amongst the normal public. Factors such as poor lifestyle, diet choices, chronic lifestyle diseases, and old age render poor heart health.

But medical sciences and cardiac science especially have advanced so much that there are hardly any conditions that have remained incurable. One can find a top heart hospital in Bangalore that is extremely well staffed with top surgeons and cardiologists. There are some experts such as Interventional Cardiologists who specialize in advanced Cardiac Interventions.

Heart Surgeries and Treatments

  1. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

This is the most common heart surgery and is performed by a cardiologist. In this process, a healthy artery or vein is taken from somewhere else in the body and placed in the heart to bypass the blocked artery or vein. This is done for patients who have more than one block in the coronary artery.

This is one of the most common procedures for those who suffer from multiple blocks in the heart. The new pathway that is created with the fresh piece of artery or vein acts as a divergent tunnel for the blood to flow to and from.

This makes it easy to restore the coronary artery functions without the hurdle of the blocked part. In cases where there are one or few blocks, it can be treated with medicines and therapy that can dissolve the blocks without the need for surgery.

Heart Valve Repair or Replacement

Heart valve repair or replacement is done for those who have a weak valve system in the heart where the valves are either collapsing or non-functional. In this scenario, a cardiologist either repairs the valve or replaces the valve with biological valves made from heart tissues. In some cases, pig and cow parts are also used to prepare valves.

A new technology, which is less invasive is also used to fix valves in the heart by inserting a small PICC catheter through the blood vessel to inflate and deflate valves with a small balloon that helps widen the valves for better flow of blood through the chambers.

Heart Transplantation

Heart Transplantation is an advanced surgery and is being practiced widely throughout India. This is a new age technology and is done in some of the top heart hospitals in Bangalore. Heart Transplantation is done in cases where the complete heart has started to fail and is weak or non-functional.

In this case, an extensive match is found that can support the coronary functions and is used to replace the heart. If the heart has some functions, a ventricular assist device (VAD) can be used to assist with the heart functions. It is a mechanical device that acts as a pump and helps restore the heart’s functions.

In other cases, where one or two chambers of the heart is non-functional, A total Artificial heart can be used to replace the non-functioning chamber, most commonly targeting the lower chambers of the heart.

Transcatheter Structural Heart Surgery

Transcatheter Heart surgery is done for those who have to restore heart functions through large arteries such as those that go to the limbs and chest or neck. In this procedure, a heart surgeon would use a long thin tube called a catheter and access the heart through the large artery either from the groin, thighs, neck, or chest.

The faulty aortic valve is then fixed by inserting a new valve made from animal tissues. This is called Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation. This surgery can help with many kinds of treatments such as enlarging the valves in the heart, replacement of faulty aortic valves, placement for mitral valve abnormalities, and for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

Cardiac Catheterization

Cardiac Catheterization includes procedures such as Angioplasty and inserting a metal stent for blocked valves. It is similar to Transcatheter Structural Heart Surgery. In Angioplasty, a small balloon is used to inflate and deflate blocked arteries and valves across the heart.

This is done through the groin or wrist artery. A stent is a metal that helps in widening the valves of the arteries. This is done to patients who have a weak valve or artery or clogged or blocked arteries.

These are some of the Advanced Cardiac Interventions available in most of the top hospitals in India. If you suspect that you may have a weak heart, experience heart palpitations, chest pain, pain that radiates to the left shoulder and arms, shortness of breath, etc, it is best to consult with a heart hospital or a heart specialist for advanced check-ups and scans.

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