Delhi is undoubtedly home to many historical monuments, being the capital of India. Delhi is not only the current capital of the country, but it was the centre of political events from the Mughal era to the British. Eighty-eight rulers who belonged to the 12 different dynasties have ruled Delhi. They have built these monuments in their respective ages, and some of them have been recognized by UNESCO as The World Heritage Sites.
People from all over the world visit Delhi for the historical monuments. Even this city receives many travellers from Dubai, as many Dubai residents love to see the fantastic craftwork of these monuments. Also, many flights are available from Dubai to Delhi, making travelling easy.
9 Historical Monuments to visit in Delhi
Among the many historical monuments in Delhi, here we are listing down the 9 most important places to visit when in Delhi. Let’s get to know more about these historical monuments.
The Red Fort
Situated in the Old Delhi area, the Red Fort was constructed by the Shah Jahan in the year 1639 because of a capital shift to Delhi from Agra. This incredible architecture received its name from the impregnable red sandstone walls. The Mughal dynasty emperors used this fort as their main residence. Currently, Independence day is celebrated on this fort, and the Prime Minister of India unfurls the National flag. Red Fort is genuinely a par excellence monument with the features of Indian and Persian forms of architecture combined in it.
Being the Official Residence of the President of India, Rashtrapati Bhavan has historical significance for current generations and generations to come. It was built by the British as a residence for the viceroy of India. It was later renamed Rashtrapati Bhavan after being given to the First President of Independent India. With 340 rooms spread over around 320 acres, this is one of the largest mansions in Delhi. Visiting this massive Presidential estate is a dream of every Indian citizen.
UNESCO recognizes it as a World Heritage Site and the tallest minaret in the world, entirely made out of bricks. Qutab-Ud-Din-Aibak built this monument in 1192 to symbolise his victory over the Hindu Dynasty. This structure represents the beginning of the Delhi sultanate in India. Being a 73 metres tall tower, this structure is worth watching from far. It has five levels and the projecting balconies, out of which the first three levels are made up of red sandstone, and the remaining two levels are of marble and sandstone.
Located along the Rajpath in New Delhi, this All India War Memorial is known as the India Gate. Sir Edwin Lutyenshas designed this 42-metre tall monument, one of the country’s most significant war memorials. This monument was dedicated to 82,000 Indian and British soldiers who died during the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. Its construction started in1921 and was completed in 1931. The soldiers who sacrificed their lives for their country during the war will always be remembered. Every year, the Republic Day Parade is hosted at India Gate.
Humayun was the second Mughal emperor whose tomb was built by his widow Hamida Begum in 1572. This monument is the best-preserved architectural wonder and another World Heritage Site recognized by UNESCO. It is a two-storied building made of red sandstone, whereas the tomb is made of yellow and black marble. This incredible structure is located at Mathura Road, Charbagh garden and is renowned for its architecture. This monument, also known as Maqbara e Humayunand, inspired many other monuments like the Taj Mahal.
It is the oldest fort in India and traces its origins to the 16th Century. Even the archaeological evidence has clarified that the structure predates the Mauryan period. The three entrances of the fort, namely, BadaDarwaza, Humayun Gate and Talaqi Gate, are two-storey structures constructed using sandstone. Another reason this fort is famous is that it is the place of death of Mughal emperor Humayun. Because of its towering presence, this fort ranks among the most captivating historical places in Delhi. It is considered the Indraprastha- the capital of Pandavas in Mahabharata.
Jama Masjid is one of the most serene spots to visit in Delhi and is a profoundly revered worship place among the Muslim community. Also known as Masjid-I Jahan-Numa, it is believed to have been constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1656. Jama Masjid has a colossal courtyard, majestic and decorated gates, minarets and a red sandstone appeal. Being one of the largest mosques in India, it faces the holy city of Mecca. It can accommodate 25,000 worshippers at any given point of time. More than 5000 workers built this famous Historical monument in Delhi.
It is an equinoctial sundial and observatory that Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur built-in 1724. It is a significant historical monument in Delhi, which is not only a feature of interest to children, but even adults can learn a lot. One can speculate the time based on the sun’s position during the day. There are 13 astronomy instruments, out of which Samrat, Jayaprakash and Mishra Yantra were used for predicting the part of the sun and also figuring out the longest and shortest days of the year.
The massive stone structure of this fort has made it a famous monument in Delhi. It has 15-metre high, sloping walls that work as barricades for battlement parapets and bastions. Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaqhas originally built the fort back in 1321 AD. This fort showcases brilliant Islamic architecture and also is an impenetrable one. Even though the structure is in ruined condition now, it still reminds us of the strength and power of the Tughlaq dynasty.
So, if you are a history lover planning a trip to Delhi, you must visit the above monuments to experience the glory of India’s various dynasties and culture. These monuments are the best example of craftwork and the technology they used which kept these places intact even in the current era.