4 Types of Vulnerabilities a Penetration Test Covers

Big organizations and companies are incredibly susceptible to cyber-attacks, just as it’s with smaller ones. Hackers can bypass vulnerabilities with ease if they spot them and can lead to massive data losses. Therefore, it calls for regular testing to expose these weak spots for cyber-attacks using penetration testing.

Numerous proficient organizations have made tremendous efforts to cover these loopholes and prevent future attacks. You may learn more from https://www.nettitude.com/hk/penetration-testing/pen-testing/.  Here are the vulnerabilities that these penetration tests cover.

1. Insecure configuration or setup, devices, and hosts

Companies are now moving towards cloud storage, and it’s increasing their vulnerability to attacks compared to cold storage. It leaves numerous potholes, including weaker user credentials and unpatched applications that make hackers find resourceful. Therefore, pen-testing companies carry out authenticated penetration test scans on cloud and on-premise networks to identify vulnerabilities.

With sophisticated hacking techniques, this vulnerability is exposing many companies to the risks of cyber-attacks. Like in the recent past, organizations have suffered attacks from cyber criminals due to poor configuration set-ups. It has therefore prompted for vulnerability testing to expose these flaws. Hacking techniques are becoming more hardcore and would compromise organizations that aren’t aware of their vulnerabilities.

2. Code and command injection

Software programming presents a ton of vulnerabilities that cripple organizations through imminent cyber-attacks. The popular SQL attack vector injections present a significant cyber-security threat with the execution of malicious commands that query backend databases for information. With SQL injections, hackers can compromise valuable credit information and more personal data they can use. Penetration testing, therefore, explores the vulnerabilities caused by software programming to prevent cyber-attacks.

3. Session management

Session management is the functionality most web applications use to facilitate an easy user interface by storing login data. This function enables quick access to website portals without having to log in every time. It, therefore, lays bare necessary credentials, including credit card information, to hackers. Thus, penetration testing comes in handy to test for this vulnerability and expose any risks that may predispose web applications to security breaches.

4. Encryption and authentication flaws

Hackers can initiate man-in-the-middle (MiTM) attacks by circumventing authentication systems that verify communications and the digital identity of senders. So, organizations use SSL, TLS, and SSH protocols to secure communications by converting plaintext data to ciphertext. The catch is that some organizations use insecure encryptions that expose them to hacking. This flaw has exposed numerous organizations to cyber-attacks, creating a loophole for vulnerability attacks. This flaw often goes unnoticed, and before it gets exposed, the damage would have occurred. Therefore, penetration testing becomes helpful in determining these encryption and authentication flaws to expose the vulnerabilities.

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Organizations are becoming more vulnerable to attack without even knowing it, exposing them to savvy-tech hackers. These hackers usually bypass weak encryptions to steal valuable credit card information, among other essential personal and organizational data. Consequently, it cripples them to levels that bring them to their knees. Savvy experts from companies such as Nettitude devote themselves to identifying such vulnerabilities through penetration testing. It certainly won’t be long until Singapore’s cyberspace is secure again for companies to operate safely.